The History Files
Strong armed by four men and two women, who strapped her to a chair, her arms and legs secured with leather lashes, they then forced her mouth open while one woman straddled her holding it so against her protestations.
A rubber tube was then inserted into her nose and pushed into her stomach. Blood ran from her nose while abrasions and bruises began to appear on her body.
Raw eggs and milk were then poured into the tube which then landed directly into her stomach. She later described the pain as “a ball of lead in my stomach”.
Against her will, she was being force fed.
This happened three times a day.
On one night, the superintendent of the prison ordered many to be severely beaten. These were mid to upper class women, who were beaten by the guards, all of whom were hurt, some to unconsciousness.
This night is referred to as The Night of Terror, November 14, 1917. Lorton, Workshouse for Women, VA, 20 miles southwest of Washington D.C.
These women, arrested and charged with trivial charges like “obstructing traffic”, were given the choice to pay a fine or go to the workhouse, where they would serve six months in prison.
Not all were force fed. But Alice Paul, one who was sentenced to seven months for obstructing traffic was treated so roughly and fed only bread and water, decided to go on a hunger strike. Again, the superintendent decided he would have no one “die” on his watch, and ordered her to be torturously force fed three times a day.
Her crime? Those women’s real crime?
Silently marching outside the White House, protesting the lack of women’s voting rights. Those women were called, “Silent Sentinels”.
News leaked about the night of terror and abuses within the workhouse and two weeks later the women were released.
Three years later, August, 1920, the 19th Amendment was passed assuring women as citizens and providing them the right to vote.
“The right of citizens to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or any State on account of sex.”The 19th Amendment
The right to vote has been passionately fought for. Not only for women, but for many disenfranchised citizens. Our nation has a rich history of many such battles, protests, and yes, finally victories.
The right to vote, the freedom to vote, as with all freedoms, is not free. It has not come without a high cost and sacrifices. Many there be with stories like the Silent Sentinels, who stood their ground amid persecution and abuses and thereby won the freedoms we enjoy.
In 2019, two billion people in fifty countries voted.
Next week, in America, citizens will again vote. (or like me, perhaps have already voted by mail.)
My prayer is that you will be one who takes your freedom and responsibility seriously and with your ballot and voice be that sentinel keeping watch over America and her values.
Cheers to you and to America.